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Fire Door Maintenance 
 
THE REGULATORY REFORM (FIRE SAFETY) ORDER 2005 
 
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 came into force over four years ago in England and Wales: transferring the responsibility for Fire Safety from the fire authorities to whoever has day-to-day (The Responsible Person) control of building premises. This person must take steps to reduce the risk from fire; consider how to contain a fire should one break out and then also ensure people can escape safely. 
 
Fire doors and all passive fire protection products play a unique role in the fire safety of a building and therefore in reducing risk to those in other compartments. Properly maintained doors form an essential element of the fire safety plan for every building. 
Properly located and secured fire doors, prevent the passage of sound, smoke and fire - meeting the demands of the new and changing regulations that place even more requirements than ever on doors. 
Fire Door Maintenance Checklist 
Door leaf & frame 
The door and frame must remain square and should not be able to distort between the stiles, top and frame. The gaps must not be greater than those specified in the manufacturers' installation instructions. This is also true for the meeting stiles of double doors. 
 
If the door leaves have minor surface damage, then these can be repaired. However, if there are any major defects in either the door leaves or the frame, they must be replaced. 
 
Glazed apertures 
If the glass is cracked or broken, then it must be replaced immediately. If not, then in the event of a fire, the smoke and gases will travel through the glass, which means that the fire door will not last its fire rating. This work must only be undertaken by companies with appropriate third party certification or by FIRAS accredited installers. 
Intumescent fire and smoke seals 
If seals have been badly fitted or are damaged, then they must be replaced with the same type that was originally specified. If the smoke seals have to be replaced, then they should be fitted in one continuous length if possible If fixed piecemeal, they could potentially leak at the joints. You must remember that loose smoke seals left flapping can damage a fire door beyond repair. 
 
Closing & opening Devices 
With a self-closing device, open the door fully and check it closes without binding on the floor Open the door to approx. 5 degrees and again check that it closes fully, overcoming any latch or seal. Check door closing speed to be approx. 10 seconds from 90 degrees and ensure that the door does not slam. Adjust speeds as necessary. Ensure that doors are not being wedged open. 
 
Make sure that door hold open devices are not straining the door against its self-closing device. A closer fitted at the top of the door should have the hold open device fitted at the top of the door. A floor spring at the foot of the door should have the hold open device fitted at the bottom. 
 
Check that mechanical hold-open devices have not been fitted. Hold-open devices on fire doors should be electro-magnetic, and connected directly to the fire detection and alarm system, so that they can be released automatically if there is a fire. If fitted, make sure that any electro-magnetic hold open device is operating correctly and releases immediately when power is removed. 
Make sure that door hold open devices are not straining the door against its self-closing device. A closer fitted at the top of the door should have the hold open device fitted at the top of the door. A floor spring at the foot of the door should have the hold open device fitted at the bottom. 
 
Check that mechanical hold-open devices have not been fitted. Hold-open devices on fire doors should be electro-magnetic, and connected directly to the fire detection and alarm system, so that they can be released automatically if there is a fire. If fitted, make sure that any electro-magnetic hold open device is operating correctly and releases immediately when power is removed.. 
Make sure that all fixings are secure. Some hinges, closer arms and locks might require lubrication, remember where required YOU MUST REPLACE COMPONENTS LIKE-FOR- LIKE, ACCORDING TO THE ORIGINAL SPECIFICATION. 
 
• Hinges - Check that there is no visible wear. Any dark marks or stains around the hinge knuckle could indicate wear and impending failure, meaning the hinges should be replaced as soon as possible. 
 
• Locks and lever handles - Check that the levers fully return to the horizontal after use and that the latchbolt is engaging smoothly and completely into the strike Wipe any metal dust deposits off the latchbolt and strikeplate Adjust, lubricate or replace as required 
Mandatory Signs 
BS5499 lays down standards for the size and siting of Fire Door Safety Signs. Signs should be fitted on all non-domestic fire doors and be visible at eye level If these have been tampered with or removed, they must be replaced. 
 
Our in house sign company A-Signs are able to cater for ALL your signage needs. 
 
Visit their website HERE 
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Group Head Office, 1 Brunel Road, Newton Abbot, Devon TQ12 4PB 
tel: 0800 783 4171 fax: 01626 363172 
email: info@firewatchsouthwest.co.uk 
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